Sackbutt, Trombone in The 17th And 18th Century (2008)

Albrechtsberger, Bertali, Castello, Mozart, Schmelzer, Marini, Wagenseil

Jorgen van Rijen

Jan Willem de Vriend

Trombonist Jorgen van Rijen is one of the few musicians who is among the elite of his profession when playing either a modern or a baroque instrument. This is something of a rarity among brass players, since most of Van Rijen's colleagues find the two styles mutually incompatible. He was bitten by the bug when he was still a student and arrived in Lyon. There he met the baroque specialist Daniel Lassalle, who was giving lessons in the technique of playing historical trombones. Lassalle brought Van Rijen's attention to the small number of surviving trombone concerti from the early Classical period and the extensive body of baroque music for small ensembles which combined the trombone with strings and continuo.

It was a revelation for Van Rijen to discover that it was possible to execute rapid running passages and delicate ornaments with the baroque trombone. Although you need a lot of breath to play a modern trombone, you don't need much more than a sigh to make the baroque instrument sound. That means that you can play all kinds of very intricate figuration and curlicues. There are almost no trombonists of the baroque period whose names have come down to us, but there did turn out to be a certain gifted performer behind the early Classic works. He was a trombonist whose striking technical and musical abilities inspired the composers of his time, just as Van Rijen does today. The man's name was Thomas Gschladt, and he was an Austrian who became a friend of the Mozart family in Salzburg. Leopold Mozart was on the auditioners' commission when Gschladt came to audition for a job with the Archepiscopal court orchestra. In the course of the audition, Gschladt performed on no fewer than three instruments: trombone, trumpet, and violin, an unimaginable feat for a performer nowadays. Van Rijen only began to understand the true role of his instrument in early music when he started to perform chamber music of the baroque period. At the time, this was a relatively unexplored area of the brass repertoire.

When he got to know the musicians of the Combattimento Consort Amsterdam, a plan was soon made to perform and record a CD with a selection this music...

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Jorgen van Rijen

Principal trombonist of the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Jörgen van Rijen is also much in demand as a soloist with a special commitment to promoting his instrument, developing new repertoire for the trombone and bringing the existing repertoire to a broader audience. He is a specialist on both the modern and baroque trombone. He has performed as a soloist in most European countries, as well as the United States, Canada, Japan, China, Korea, Russia, Singapore and Australia and performed concertos with orchestras including the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, the Czech Philharmonic, the Rotterdam Philharmonic, Combattimento Consort Amsterdam and the Netherlands Symphony Orchestra. In the coming seasons Jörgen will appear as a soloist with orchestras such as the Taiwan Philharmonic, Nagoya Philharmonic, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, and on tour in Japan with Michel Becquet.

Jörgen was awarded the Netherlands Music Prize in 2004, the highest distinction in the field of music, by the Dutch Ministry of Culture. In 2006 he received the prestigious Borletti-Buitoni Trust Award, which is presented yearly to a selection of the most promising and talented young international soloists and ensembles. He has won other major prizes, including first prizes at the international trombone competitions of Toulon and Guebwiller.

In a review of his first CD, the music magazine 'Luister' wrote: 'Van Rijen is a real ambassador of his instrument, which is still not often used as a virtuoso brass instrument among composers. But there are not that many trombonists who reach the brilliant level of Van Rijen. In sound, dynamic, colour, musical understanding and expressiveness, Van Rijen is unequalled...'.

Many new pieces have been written for Jörgen, including a trombone concerto by Theo Verbey, commissioned by the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra. In the season 2010 / 2011 he will appear in concerts with the Combattimento Consort Amsterdam and the Netherlands Symphony Orchestra. In the spring of 2012 Jörgen has premiered a trombone concerto by Kalevi Aho that was written for him as a commission from the Borletti-Buitoni Trust, with concerts with the The Hague Philharmonic, the Oulu Sinfonia in Finland and the BBC Symphony Orchestra. About that last concert The Times wrote: "... van Rijen and Aho turned the trombone into a fount of melodic grace and gambolling, cradled over four generous movements by an equally refined orchestra..." Plans for the future include new commissions by Florian Maier and James MacMillan.

Jörgen teaches at the Amsterdam Conservatory and has been appointed International Visiting Professor at the Royal Academy of Music, London. He is also an active chamber musician. He was one of the founders of the New Trombone Collective and the RCO Brass.

He plays exclusively on instruments built by Antoine Courtois and has released 3 CDs on the label Channel Classics.

Jan Willem de Vriend

Jan Willem de Vriend is the artistic director of Combattimento Consort Amsterdam and since 2006 the chief conductor and artistic director of the Netherlands Symphony Orchestra.

In addition to having served as concertmaster with various ensembles, De Vriend developed a career as a conductor with several orchestras both in The Netherlands, Switzerland, Austria, Italy Germany, Sweden, as well as China and Australia. Opera conducting has come to play a significant role. He has led Combattimento Consort Amsterdam in unknown operas by Gassmann, Rameau, Heinchen and Haydn, among others, as well as familiar operas by such composers as Monteverdi, Handel, Rossini and Mozart. For the opera houses of Lucern, Strasbourg, Barcelona and Enschede, he has conducted operas by Handel, Mozart, Verdi, Strauss and others.
He was invited by the Stanislavsky Theatre of Moscow to conduct an opera by Handel.

De Vriend was awarded the Dutch Radio 4 Prize of the year 2012. The Radio 4 Prize is awarded to a musician (or ensemble or institution) who has distinguished himself in bringing classical music to a broad public.

Combattimento Consort Amsterdam

Founded in 1982 by violinist Jan Willem de Vriend, the Combattimento Consort Amsterdam developed into a close-knit ensemble specialising in music from 1600-1800. The musicians' wish not to focus solely on the standard repertoire resulted in many interesting programmes featuring remarkable and little-known works, some of which were only available in manuscript. The performance of these compositions in conjunction with more familiar works proved to be refreshing and inspiring to listeners and performers alike.

Over the years the ensemble gave many memorable concerts and operatic performances including Handel’s Rodelinda, Alcina, also by Handel, and Monteverdi’s L’Orfeo, in collaboration with De Nationale Reisopera.
In September 2002 the ensemble made its debut at the Early Music Holland Festival in Utrecht, giving two performances of Rameau's opera Platée in a co-production with Onafhankelijk Toneel and the Nationale Reisopera.

In addition to numerous concerts in the Netherlands, the Combattimento Consort also appeared in various European countries and in venues outside of Europe. Successful tours in the United States, Japan and South America have always been attracting attention in national and international media.
Concerts often had solo performances by members of the ensemble, but the Combattimento Consort also worked with great performers such as Barbara Bonney, Andreas Scholl and Anthony Rolfe Johnson, Thomas Zehetmair and Sabine Meyer as well as joining forces with Collegium Vocale Gent and other groups.

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Sackbutt, Trombone in The 17th And 18th Century (2008)

Albrechtsberger, Bertali, Castello, Mozart, Schmelzer, Marini, Wagenseil

Jorgen van Rijen

    Classica Repertoire

Le jeune Nerlandais, plein de talent!! (...) L'intonation est parfaite, le jeu est clair, precis et sensible, les cadences sont d'une intelligence interpretative admirable. Ajoutons au plaisir de cd disque, celui d'une agreeable surprise avec le compositeur italien Antonio Bertali: sa musique exubrante alterne entre danse populaire, reverie et meditation profonde. Mention speciale l'ensemble Combattimento Consort Amsterdam qui livre un enregistrement d'une legance rare: les continuos habiles russissent le subtil et delicat quilibre entre presence et retenue dans l'accompagnement du soliste.

    Hessischer Rundfunk

interessanter Musik darf man mit dieser Platte als auch erstklassige Musikerinnen und Musiker genieen.

Was jedoch hier erklingt, ist in seiner Art ganz anders und lsst unwillkrlich aufhorchen, da man dem Zuginstrument Posaune eine solche Virtuositt kaum zutraut. Die gleichberechtigte Partnerschaft mit den Violinen, der Vortrag von Passagen in musikalischer Wechselrede, die spielerische Ausfhrung von Verzierungen, die musikalische Wendigkeit in der Darstellung der hufig wechselnden Metrik und die farbige Ausstaffierung mit unterschiedlichen Besetzungen des Basso continuo-Parts (so etwa auch mit Fagott in Schmelzers Sonata 3') machen die kurzen Werke zu einem wahren Hr-Abenteuer.


Knap zoals hij, optimaal mengend met het orkestspel, zijn instrument laat zingen in fraai legato en daarmee soms de illusie van hoornklanken wekt. Virtuoze stukjes muziek.


Meeslepend portret: (...) een nieuwe opname van Jrgen van Rijen, de onvolprezen solotrombonist van het Concertgebouworkest. Hij is graag van vele markten thuis en heeft een aantal historische trombones aangeschaft waarop hij met opmerkelijke souplesse en een prachtig ronde toon werken uit de 17e en 18e eeuw speelt. De concerten van Albrechtsberger, Leopold Mozart en Wagenseil klinken snoezig, maar enkele klein bezette werken van vroegbarokke meesters als Bertali, Castello en Schmelzer zijn minder conventioneel en daarom het spannendst. De violist Jan Willem de Vriend en diens Combattimento Consort bieden van Rijen levendig weerwerk.

    Klassieke Zaken

Glashelder vastgelegd, sprankelend begeleid door het Combattimento Consort van Jan Willen de Vriend. Een verrukkelijke uitgave die eindigt met een ware hit: een swingend perpetuum mobile dat gewoon staat geafficheerd als Sonate a tre van Antonio Bertali. Luister en geniet!


uitzonderlijk aangename muziek (...) (...) van Rijen bespeelt zijn oude trombones met verve en elegantie, haarzuiver en met perfecte trillers waar nodig.

    De Standaard, Belgium

Trombonist Jorgen van Rijen is een van die zeldzame koperblazers die zowel uitblinken op moderne als op historische instrumenten. (...) Het op moderne instrumenten spelende Combattimento Consort Amsterdam dient deze muzikant fris en levendig van repliek bij de bekende klassieke concerti van Leopold Mozart, Albrechtsberger en Wagenseil.


This Baroque instrument through its many iterations obviously did assimilate well the sweetness of the human voice with its soft tones and van Rijen makes his instruments sing with grace and lightness that is very pleasing to the ear. Highly recommended! 4 1/2 Stars, Audiophile Audition (...) Fans of the trombone will no doubt fined this of interest, but the music turns out to be far more worthwhile and rewarding than just a sackbut showcase.

    American Record Guide

This is a superb album. Rijen's accounts of the well-known 18th-Century alto trombone concertos surpass anything I have heard, in both solo and orchestral parts. He is a world-class artist, and this album is a treasure.

    Music Web International

I must say that this isn't the kind of CD which I thought would appeal to me. After all, what kind of pleasure can one derive from an hour's worth of 17th and 18th century trombone Concertos and chamber works? Well, quite a lot is the answer to that. This is a very interesting, and varied, programme and although most of the composers won't be known to you, don't let that put you off. As I often say, there's much to enjoy here. The recording is very crisp and clear and although the performers are situated quite close to the microphones, you can still feel the ambience of the Church where the recording was made.

Sackbutt, Trombone in The 17th And 18th Century (2008)

Albrechtsberger, Bertali, Castello, Mozart, Schmelzer, Marini, Wagenseil

Jorgen van Rijen

Cables: van den Hul T3 series
Digital Converters: Meitner A/D DSD / Meitner DA
Mastering Engineer: Jared Sacks
Mastering Equipment: B&W 803 diamond series
Microphones: Bruel & Kjaer, Schoeps
Mixing Board: Rens Heijnis custom design
Producer: Hein Dekker
Recording Engineer: Jared Sacks
Recording location: Amsterdam Holland 2008
Recording Software: Pyramix bij Merging
Recording Type & Bit Rate: DSD64
Speakers: Audiolab, Holland

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26708: Sackbutt, Trombone in The 17th And 18th Century
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Concerto in B flat major - Allegro Moderato
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